For Virginia residents, being involved in an accident can be an emotional and shocking event. Moreover, an accident victim is likely to suffer various injuries throughout his or her body, adding physical and mental pain to their life. When a head trauma occurs, a victim is likely to deal with short-term and long-term effects from a brain injury.

Because accidents can range in type and severity, so can brain injuries. Depending on how severe a brain injury is and what part of the brain is affected; a victim could suffer permanent brain damage. For other brain injuries, a victim might lose some cognitive function temporarily, making it difficult to remember things or even focus.

The most severe type of brain injury is a traumatic brain injury or a TBI. Such an injury could result in substantial difficulties for the victim or impairments that last a lifetime. There are various types of TBIs. First, there is a concussion. This occurs when there is a direct blow to the head, violent shaking of the head or even due to whiplash. Such an injury could take a few months to a few years to heal.

A second type of brain injury is a contusion. This is the result of direct impact to the head and is when there is bleeding on the brain. Contusions that are large may need to be surgically removed. A third injury is a coup-contrecoup. This is when there is a contusion at the impact site and the complete opposite side of the brain. This is due to the force of impact involved in the accident.

An accident victim could also suffer from diffuse Axonal. This occurs when there is a shaking or strong rotation of the head. This movement causes brain structures to tear. Lastly, a victim could suffer a brain injury due to penetration. This occurs when an object travels through the skull and into the brain.

When an accident victim suffers from a TBI, it is likely that he or she will require a large amount of time to recover from the injury if not go through a lifetime of rehabilitation. Such a situation can be very costly, especially if the victim is unable to work and is expected to require future medical treatments. Therefore, accident victims should be aware of their recourses. If another party was responsible for their injuries suffered in a crash, he or she could hold that party responsible for the costs and damages related to the accident.

Source:, “Types and Levels of Brain Injury,” accessed June 27, 2016