Most Virginia residents may have heard of the term sport’s concussion, which is actually a brain injury caused by a blow, bump, or a jolt to the head. A concussion may also occur when the body receives a blow, which results in the head moving back and forward. The damage can be serious and may even result in long-term disability. A post from a few weeks back talked about the lawsuit settlement between the National Collegiate Athletic Association and some former players, who suffered on-field concussions.

Most concussions occur without a person losing consciousness. Therefore, it is important to treat such brain injuries in order to prevent more serious consequences. Athletes who do not receive any medical treatment are at risk if they experience symptoms such dizziness and headaches. An athlete must immediately consult a doctor if he has nausea, headache, double vision, irritability, confusion, nervousness, insomnia, difficulty in concentration, and other things. These may be signs of a brain injury.

A concussion can become worse if the injured person continues physical and mental activity. An important treatment of brain injury or any type of concussion is rest. An injured athlete needs to abstain from any kind of injuries that may worsen the symptoms such as reading, driving, playing computer or video games, or any other taxing activities.

The athlete can return to work only after he or she has completely recovered. If any athlete is suspected of sustaining a concussion or brain injury, he or she needs to be immediately removed from the playing field. The athlete should be evaluated by a health care professional. The person’s parents should also be consulted. It should be pointed out that between 2001 and 2005, children and youngsters, between the ages of five and 18 accounted for 2.4 million visits to the emergency department, and six percent of the reported cases involved a concussion.

Source: BIAV.net, “Sports Concussion,” accessed on Sept.1, 2014