Distracted driving is often very dangerous. There are various causes and stimuli that can distract a driver from focusing on the road. Such stimuli might include driving while intoxicated, driving while speaking on a cell phone and driving while texting. Many people in Virginia are involved in car accidents every year due to such distracted driving.
Authorities have found that cell phone use is one of the major reasons for distracted driving. Thus, under state laws, the victim of a car accident due to distracted driving, such as texting and driving, have often initiated lawsuits -- with the help of their attorneys -- in order to get compensation for the pain and suffering and injuries that they experienced. Virginia authorities have been compelled to make texting while driving illegal in the state under Virginia Code 46.2-1078.1.
Studies have been conducted in order to see if the laws, such as these, related to texting and driving were actually effective and if they helped to prevent car accidents. The dangers of using cell phones, especially handheld phones, while driving have been researched by the authorities and it was determined that it actually did increase the risk of car accidents as well as damage by four times.
Having strict laws and enforcing laws related to texting and driving reduces the number of car accidents related to handheld phones. Those laws definitely deter and prevent car accidents. It was also determined that texting while driving was one of the worst distractions to drivers because it made drivers lose focus on the road for an extended period of time.
Source: National Library of Medicine, "Driver cell phone and texting bans in the United States: evidence of effectiveness," Anne T. McCartt, David G. Kidd and Eric R. Tech, Mar. 2014